Permaculture – what is it? How did it start?


What is permaculture?

Permaculture is a holistic system of design for human needs. It is most often applied to basic human needs such as water, food and shelter, but it is also used to design more abstract systems such as community and economic structures. Permaculture is sometimes described as the use of ecology as the basis for designing integrated systems of food production, housing, appropriate technology and community development.

How did it start?

The term permaculture was coined by two Australians David Holmgren and Bill Mollison in the 1970s and the concept was defined further when they published “Permaculture One” in 1978. Through a dynamic system of certified training Permaculture has now grown into an international network with thousands of system designers. Permaculture has been described as one of Australia’s most important cultural exports.


Reproduced from Milkwood permaculture.  Read more here.